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  • Coal mining activities in East Kalimantan, Indonesia, 12 October 2021 (Photo: Reuters/Afriadi Hikmal).

    Indonesia is aiming for a complex transition away from coal power — one that will require a concerted effort from the government, industry, financial institutions and communities. The government has set a goal of net-zero emissions by 2060, but it will be a challenge to reach that goal without significant changes to one of the world’s biggest producer and user of coal. Indonesia needs to phase down its reliance on coal power and develop more sustainable energy sources. This will require new policies, regulations and investments. It will also require a just transition that does not leave workers and communities behind.

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India’s arduous road to achieving its great power ambitions

India is predicted to become the world's third largest economy over the next ten to twenty years, with Prime Minister Narendra Modi's economic reforms and international engagement aiding this growth. Still, the nation faces significant hurdles such as domestic agricultural and manufacturing problems, international trade, the need for deep domestic economic reforms and the preservation of social stability in the face of internal divisions, which if unaddressed, could hinder India's journey towards true global power.

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Editor's Pick

India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi holds up a mace during an election campaign rally in Agartala, India, 17 April 2024 (Photo: Reuters/Jayanta Dey).

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India's sweet spot
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